What Is A Lavalier Microphone? Top Full Guide 2021

What Is A Lavalier Microphone Top Full Guide 2021

You are looking for a compact microphone that is both stylish and has great acoustic zoom. Lavalier is the right choice. Because they are discrete and discreet, lavalier mics can be placed close to the mouth and remain out of sight.

But why is a lavalier microphone a good choice? Do you think you don’t know what is a Lavalier microphone? Don’t worry.

Hooke Audio can also give you the most up-to-date and accurate information on this microphone type. Let’s read the article below to find out why a lavalier mic is so great.

Lavalier microphone basics

One piece of technology, the lavalier microphone(or lav mic or body mic), has many names. This type of microphone is also known as a lav mic or lapel collar mic. These names are all the same. These mics are commonly called lav mic, neck mic, lapel mic, or lapel collar microphone.

We’ll discuss the best ways to position and hide lav mics, but first, let’s look at how to define a lavalier microphone.

What is a Lavalier Microphone?

Lavalier

Lavalier microphone, a very small lav mic is attached to the actor’s body or clothing. These microphones come in wired and wireless versions and are discreet and lightweight.

While a wired lav mic can restrict an actor’s movements, a wireless lapel mic requires a small transmitter package usually clipped to an actor’s belt.

Wireless lavalier microphones(mic clip) transmit audio via radio frequencies to a receiver, which a sound mixer can control. Although there are many lav microphones available, the best wireless lavalier will produce a sound that is comparable to a boom mic.

Lavalier Microphones Characteristics:

  • Compact and small size
  • Audio focused on one actor is collected in a collection.
  • Pattern for Omnidirectional or Cardioid Pickup

Pros And Cons Of Lavalier Microphone

Pros

A lavalier microphone can be a vital part of many projects. A lav microphone is essential in many situations. Let’s take a look at the pros.

Discreet

Lapel microphones are known for their concealability, which is the biggest selling point. It is possible to record clear audio from an actor in almost any situation.

It can attach to any jacket with a lapel, but it is not a lapel mic. There are many ways to conceal a lapel mic, as we’ll see.

Portable

Portability may not be a benefit if your actor plans to stand still. What about the other scenes where they run down a street, pacing in a room, or moving between actors? One boom operator will not be able to follow all the actors or capture everything. Blocking and staging your scenes ahead will help you record the audio in the most efficient way possible.

Hands-Free

It is very easy to use a lavalier microphone that has been attached, turned on, and levels set with hands-free operation. You can mic up to 10 actors at once with a wireless microphone. The sound recordist only needs to monitor their stations and mix them.

However, wireless lavalier microphones and lapel mics present their challenges. Here are some cons.

Clothing

Lapel mic can be difficult to control clothing rustling. You can waste valuable time trying to position the lav microphone correctly. This can be avoided by conducting pre-production tests with actors, wardrobes, and microphones to troubleshoot the problem.

Qualitative

Sometimes, the sound quality of some microphones can be worse than others. There can be a decrease in quality in areas where portability and visibility are obvious advantages.

Power

Lavalier microphones run on batteries, so you should be ready to recharge and change them at the most inopportune times. To minimize disruption caused by a dead battery, make sure you have spare batteries charged.

Each brand of lavalier microphone is different. Let’s see how five different lapel microphones perform.

Lavalier Microphone choices:

Wired: The cheapest and easiest to use lavalier type is the wired lavalier microphone. A 1/8-inch miniplug is usually attached to a thin cable. Once you have attached the mic to the camera, run the cable to the microphone jack and plug it in.

Most cables are sufficient to allow for the proper distance between your subject and your camera. Extension cables can be purchased at your local electronics shop if they are not.

Wireless Microphone: The wireless lavalier mic works in the same way as the wired lavalier version except that the transmitter cable is inserted into a smaller pouch. You can conceal the pack in a pocket or attach a wireless lavalier to your belt. The transmitter of wireless lavalier transmits audio to a small receiver that has a miniplug and connects to your camera.

How To Position A Lavalier Mic

Position

To get the best sound, you need to consider how close the microphone is to your source of sound quality (usually your subject’s mouth). The majority of lav mics have an omnidirectional capsule that picks up sound from all directions.

Lav mics are very flexible when recording. As a rule of thumb, the microphone should be placed on the chest at a distance of 20-30 cm from the mouth. This will produce a natural, uncolored sound.

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Attach Your Lav MicTo Its Clip

Every lav mic comes with a clip to attach the mic to a piece of clothing. These clips are a bit confusing for first-time users but very simple to use a lavalier mic. To secure your microphone in place, slip the windshield off of the mic. You can now slip the windshield back on.

Mounting Your Lavatory

It is easier to position a lavalier microphone when you have something to attach it to. You should keep your mic away from any other clothing, as it will make the recording audible.

Things can be a bit more difficult if you’re wearing clothing that doesn’t have strong mounting points, such as singlets or t-shirts.

Mounting the mic on the neckline is possible, but be aware that the sound quality may be affected by color and odd sound. This can be avoided by having a looser neckline or mounting the mic to the side rather than below the chin.

The shoulder straps of a singlet are another place you can mount a lavalier microphone. If you’re wearing workout clothes, this is the best option.

Mounting the lavalier mic under a headband is another option if you are looking for something more creative. You will achieve a fantastic result if the microphone is placed between 20-30cm and your mouth.

Keep It Secret

You can conceal the cable to keep your video professional and clean. Clip mic can be hidden under your jacket or inside your shirt. Professional sound engineers will use draper tape to secure the cable to the inside of the clothing.

You can also use a lavalier with regular sticky tape, gaffer tape, or regular tape if you prefer to hide it.

The broadcast loop, also known as the professional profile, will allow you to present a neat and professional image. For more information on mounting a lavalier microphone on yourself or your talent, click here.

Mic Drop

RODE MicDrop, a lightweight cable weight that makes it easy to mic talent using a lavalier microphone, is straightforward. The MicDrop helps pull the microphone cable down through clothing.

This allows you to plug it into a bodypack transmitter or record device. It saves time and minimizes disruption during recording. MicDrop works with all RODE Lavalier microphones. You can check it out here.

Connecting A Lavalier Microphone And A Recording Device

Connecting

After you have mounted your lavalier mic and placed it in a good position, the next step will be to connect it to your recording device. You need to know what type of device it is connected to and whether wireless connectivity is required. This will help you choose the right equipment.

Computers And Mobile Devices

You will need a compatible microphone such as the RODE smartLav+ if you want to connect your mic to a tablet or smartphone. It has a TRRS connector, which is the same connector found on most mobile devices and computers.

This allows you to plug it in straight away without needing an adaptor. You can insert the microphone into your device’s headset port and select it as your input or output device in your audio settings. Then you are ready to record.

This cable is great for video vlogging, tutorial recording, and any other video where you’ve been seated in front of the camera.

You can use the RODE SC1 extension cables if the cable from the smartLav+ doesn’t reach your device or you need more room to move.

Cameras

A lavalier microphone with a TRS jack such as the RODE Lavalier GO is required to record into a compact, mirrorless, or DSLR camera or audio device, like a portable recorder or portable recorder.

Going Wireless

A wireless system is best if you have a lot of space and need to move around while recording with a microphone, such as filming tutorials or presentations or being tied to your device.

The RODE range offers many options, but the Wireless GO is the best for a small, cost-effective, and easy-to-use solution.

Two main components of wireless systems include a transmitter pack attached to the subject, which captures and transmits audio.

A receiver pack plugs into the recording device, receives audio from the transmitter wirelessly, and plugs into it.

Wireless GO microphone is unique in that it has a capsule inside the transmitter pack. This means you don’t have to use wired lavalier mics – clip the transmitter onto your chest like a regular lavalier.

There is also an input for standard lavalier mics. This input is TRS so that you will need a TRS-jack lavalier. Lavalier GO is the ideal option.

Once your lavalier mics are set up, you can plug them into your camera with the provided patch cable.

Using TRRS-TRS Adaptors

You need to be aware of your mic’s type of output and input when using a 3.5mm plug, such as lavalier microphones.

Incompatibility between TRS/TRRS is a common reason why microphones don’t work with certain devices. These connectors look similar.

However, RODE products have made it easy to determine which type of connector your microphone uses by color-coding them.

All TRRS connectors can be plugged directly into computers and mobile devices. All TRS connectors can be plugged into regular audio or camera equipment.

You don’t have to worry if your microphone is not compatible with your recording device. RODE adaptors available will allow you to use a lavalier TRS mic with a TRRS microphone and vice versa.

The SC4 and SC7 adaptors can connect a Wireless GO, Lavalier GO, or any other mic with a 3.5mnm output such as a RODE VideoMic, with a computer or mobile device with TRRS inputs.

An SC3 adaptor is also available if you need to plug in a microphone with a TRRS output, such as the smartLav+, into a TRS input device, such as a DSLR camera.

Conclusion

Hope our article answered your question about the lavalier microphone. Try it out in your recording to experience what its compactness and convenience have to offer.

And ensure you can get clean, clear audio in a variety of recording situations, whether that’s vlogging, public speaking, reporting to the camera, or recording an interview.

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